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What are the different types of tenancy agreements in the UK.

Updated: Apr 5, 2022

A tenancy agreement in London or the UK is a contract between the landlord and the tenants, setting out the legal terms and conditions of the tenancy. This can be a written or verbal agreement. It is probably best to have the tenancy agreement in writing so that it can be referenced.

In Croydon or London UK there are 2 types of tenancy agreements:

  • Fixed-term which runs for a set period of time

  • Periodic which runs week to week or month to month

Tenancy Types in the UK

Assured shorthand tenancies (ASTs)

These are the most common form of tenancies and most new tenancies are automatically this type.

A tenancy is an AST if all of the following apply:

  • the landlord does not live in the property

  • the property will be the tenant’s main accommodation

  • it is a private landlord or housing association

  • the start date of the tenancy started on or after 15 January 1989

An AST is not valid if:

  • the tenancy began before 15 January 1989

  • rent is more than £100,000 or less than £250 a year (less than £1,000 in London)

  • is a business tenancy or licensed premises

  • is a holiday let

  • if the landlord is a local council

Other tenancy agreements in the London and the UK.

Excluded tenancies or licenses - this is when you have a lodger living in your home and you share common areas such as the bathroom and kitchen.

Assured tenancies - tenancies that started before 15 January 1989 may be regulated.

About Tenancy Agreements in London UK

The following should be included in the tenancy agreement:

  • the names of the landlord and all the tenants who will be living in the property

  • physical address of the property

  • start and end date of the tenancy

  • the rental price and details of how it will be paid

  • details explaining when and how the rent will be reviewed

  • details confirming the deposit amount and how it will be protected

  • information about when the deposit can be partly or fully withheld (to repair damages caused by tenants)

  • obligations which the tenant or landlord should adhere to

  • outline which bills are the responsibility of the tenant (council tax, water rates and other utility charges)

  • details regarding other people being allowed to use the property

The following are not essential but may be included:

  • whether or not the tenancy can be ended earlier and what the process is to do this

  • who would be responsible for minor repairs outside of the landlord’s legal responsibility

  • whether or not the property can be sublet (let to someone else other than the tenant)

  • if the landlord will provide any services such as laundry or garden maintenance

  • who should be contacted about repairs

  • any rules regarding pets, lodgers, subletting, guests and smoking

Ensure that the terms of the tenancy are fair and comply with the law. Do no discriminate against your tenants directly or indirectly.

Changes to tenancy agreements

Any changes to the tenancy agreement must be done mutually with the agreement of the landlord and tenants.


Under no circumstances may the landlord discriminate against the tenants on the following:

  • age

  • race, nationality, ethnicity or national origin

  • disability

  • being or becoming a transsexual person

  • marriage or civil partnership

  • religion, or lack of religion or belief

  • gender

  • sexual orientation

  • being on maternity leave or being pregnant

If the tenant requires a guide dog and the tenancy agreement states that no dogs are allowed, the landlord would need to make changes in the agreement to allow for the guide dog. The only time this would be not considered is if there was a strong reason to support this such as another tenant in the same property with a severe allergy to dogs.

Managed payments from your local council

If the tenant moves to Universal Credit, the landlord can assist them in setting up their new rent payments.

Break Clause

A break clause is in a tenancy agreement allows both the tenant and the landlord the change to terminate the tenancy agreement earlier than the end date during a fixed-term agreement.

A break clause can only be enforced after 6 months, unless there are substantial grounds for eviction such as rent being in arrears.

London & Surrey Landlords

Let us take the headache away of rentals. We will guarantee you and rental income from day one regardless of tenants or not. No voids - just regular monthly rental income into your bank account and no commission fee's.

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